Strong Dragon Komodo
The Komodo dragon is a type of lizards restricted to a few Indonesian islands: Komodo, Harka, Flores, Philly Mustang and Badar. These lizards belong to the family of the Lorelai, which are the largest surviving lizards of large reptiles with large claws with strong claws and long tails, and the adult length may be more than three meters (10 feet), and in some exceptional cases, it can weigh up to about 70 kilograms ( 150 lbs).
Its massive size, uncommon among lizards, is due to the biological phenomenon known as “island giants”, where one of the living creatures inhabiting an island swells through several successive generations to play a certain environmental role that no other organism plays on that island, and in the case of these dragons The main one across her homeland due to the absence of any other wild predators, so she replaced her and benefited from the lack of competition for food. Some other research indicates that Komodo dragons are the only remaining representative of the vastly deformed ancient lizard populations of lizards that spread in ancient times throughout Indonesia and Australia, and became extinct with other large animals in the late recent modern period (the Pleistocene), mostly as a result of human activities. Fossils of giant lizards very similar to Komodo dragons were discovered in Australia, and their age was estimated at more than 3.8 million years. Fossil discoveries also showed that the size of the dragons inhabiting the island of Flores did not change and remained what it was about 900,000 years ago, a period marked by large Animals in the world, many huge creatures inhabiting the islands ceased to exist, and hominids from the apes began to migrate successively to various regions of the world, including some islands close to the mainland, including the habitats of these lizards.
Komodo dragons dominate the natural ecosystems you inhabit, as an inevitable consequence of their large sizes. These dragons hunt by ambushing their prey, which includes a wide range of invertebrates, birds, and mammals. It is said that her poisonous bite kills her prey for a few days, and some scholars have suggested that the two glands that are in her lower thighs secrete several toxic proteins, that there is no consensus on this saying, and the importance of these proteins is still and their role is They secrete an anticoagulant. The behavior of the Komodo dragons when hunting and snakes are distinct between lizards, the most prominent of which are the prey of the Javanese thrush, as they hunt wild boars and water buffalo as well, as they feed on the carcass, and can sometimes attack humans.
The mating season begins between May and August, and the females lay eggs during the month of September. Usually, the number of these eggs reaches about 20 eggs, and the female often takes one of the deserted heaps of a bird from the pile of birds as a nest for her, and she may dig a hole in her that she lays her eggs. Eggs are incubated for 7 or 8 months, and they hatch during April when the insects are prolific. Young dragons resort to trees to shelter from the larger predators, including their relatives, who are reluctant to eat their own species. Dragons reach adulthood at the age of eight or nine and may extend their life span to 30 years.
Western scientists knew these lizards in 1910, and soon became the focus of attention of people in Europe and the United States thanks to their majestic reputation and immense size, and they were displayed in various zoos. In the wild, its habitat has shrunk as a result of harmful human activities, so that the International Union for Conservation of Nature ranks it among the animals threatened with the lowest risk of extinction. The Komodo dragons are protected by Indonesian law, and Indonesia established the Komodo National Park in 1980 to be a nature reserve housing these dragons and other endemic animals in the country.
Date of classification
European researchers first knew the Komodo dragon in 1910, when it reached the ears of Lieutenant Van Sien van Hensbrueck (a Dutch colonial officer) of the presence of “crocodiles on land” on an island in Indonesia. These animals were especially famous after 1912 when the head of the Museum of Zoology in the city of Bogor (Java) published a research paper on the Komodo dragon after receiving photos and samples of animal skin and other researchers. The first surviving Komodo dragon arrived in Europe in 1927 and was shown at the Reptile House in the London Zoo when it opened then. Scientist Joan Beauchamp Proctor recorded some of the first observations about this animal in captivity at the London Zoo, and she talked about animal behavior in a scientific meeting of the Society of Zoology in London in 1928. Attention to this dragon was a major driver behind sending a mission to Komodo Island in 1926, led by P. Douglas Barden, who returned from his journey with twelve dead dragons and two dragons alive, and his mission inspired this appearance of King Kong in his first edition in 1933. It was Barden himself who invented the name “Komodo dragon”, which is now popular with people. Three of the dragons that were brought in are mummified and preserved to the American Museum of Natural History.
And when the Dutch government realized that the number of dragons of Komodo living in the wild was very small, it prohibited hunting for fun and sport and put legal restrictions on their families, even for the purposes of scientific research. Scientific missions ceased with the outbreak of World War II in the early 1940s, and then returned during the 1950s and 1960s, a period during which scientists were interested in studying the food of the Komodo dragon, its intermarriage, and how it regulates its body heat. Around this same time, a mission was planned to devote itself to studying a Komodo dragon over a long period of time. This task was entrusted to the Offenburg family, a family that had inhabited the island of Komodo for eleven months during 1969, and Walter Offenburg and his assistant Porta Sastrawan (during this period) managed to capture more than fifty dragons and install tracking marks on them. Offenberg’s research radically changed the way foster komodo dragons in captivity, and studies after him shed more light on the nature of the komodo dragon, and known biologists (such as Claudio Chiofi) still devote themselves specifically to studying this animal.