The overall concept of computing
Computing is the process of developing and using computer technology, including computer hardware and is it part. Computer science is the science of studying the theoretical fundamentals of computing and applying theories.
The word ‘Computing’ was basically used with what has to do with counting and arithmetic, i.e. science that learns with mathematical calculations. But later it became a reference to the calculation process and the use of calculators, the electronic processes that take place within the computer hardware itself, as well as the theoretical foundations that establish computer science.
The specialization of computing is the systematic study of algorithms that describe and transform information: theory, analysis, design, effectiveness, and application. The key question remains in computing: what can be done (effectively).
Science and Theories
Informatics is an information science, information processing practice, and information systems engineering. Informatics is the study of composition, algorithms, and behavior, and the interaction between natural and artificial systems that store information and communication access, develop their own conceptual foundations and use theoretical foundations developed in other fields.
Since the advent of computers, individuals and organizations, they have increasingly adopted electronic information processing. This has led to the study of informatics containing computational, cognitive and social aspects, including the study of the social impact of information technology. Quite freely, it can be thought that it is ‘studying how to design a system that will provide the right information, to the right person in the right place and at the right time, and in the right way’, and is closely associated with the conduct of discussions and standards. Informatics is a fun subject in the study.
Informatics properties are a set of characteristics that characterize informatics:
- Easy to transfer information together and publish it in more than one place.
- It is possible to integrate information together in order to come up with a new and useful idea.
- The information is always available.
- Information sources are different from other sources.
The origin of the word
In 1957, The German computer scientist Karl Steinbosch coined the term informatics by publishing a paper he called informatics: “Information Technology: Automatic Processing of Information.” However, the German term informatics is the correct translation of English computer science.
French informatics was drafted by Philippe Dreyfus in 1962 along with various English informatics translations. As independently and instantly suggested by Walter F. Bauer and his co-founders Informatics Co., Ltd. and Informatica (Italian, Spanish, Romanian, Portuguese and Dutch), apply computers to guess and address information. Computer learning is derived from the concept of arithmetic that may or may not include the existence of information. For example, quantum calculation and digital logic do not involve information.
This new term was adopted throughout Western Europe, and only in English, developed the term to be translated into ‘computer science’ or ‘computer science’. Mikhailov and others demanded the term informatics in Russian in 1966. Informatics in English in 1967. As names for scientific information theory, they demanded a broader meaning, including a study of the use of information technology in different communities (for example, scientific) and the interaction between technology and human regulatory structures.
Informatics is the discipline of science that investigates the composition and characteristics (not specific content) of scientific information, as well as the regularity of scientific information activity, theory, history, method, and organization.
This use has since been amended in three ways; first, restrictions on scientific information are removed, such as in commercial or legal information technology. Second, since now most of the information stored digitally, computerized becomes the center of informatics. Third, representation, processing, and transfer of information are added as investigative tools, since they have been recognized as the basics of any scientific calculation of information. The consideration of information as a central focus of the study, characterized by information, which includes the study of biological and social mechanisms for information processing, from computer science, where digital accounting plays an important central role.
Similarly, in the study of representation and communication, informatics is not concerned with the pillar that carries information. For example, informatics includes the study of the gesture of communication and speech, language, as well as digital communication and networking.
The first example of a degree in informatics was in 1982 when Plymouth Polytechnic (now Plymouth University) offered four years of bachelor’s degree (with honors) with the first batch of only 35 students. The class is still working today, making it the longest-serving qualification available for this subject.
The broad interpretation of informatics, as ‘the study of composition, algorithms, behavior, and interaction between natural and artificial computer systems’, was introduced by the University of Edinburgh in 1994 when it was formed as a gathering and is now considered a school of informatics. This meaning is now in (2006) is increasingly used in the UK.
IT involves studying systems that represent knowledge, processing and delivering information. However, the theory of arithmetic in discipline is the specific discipline of the theoretical computer learning developed by Alan Turing, which examines the idea of a complex system regardless of whether the information exists. Since both fields process information, there is some disagreement among scientists about the scale of the field; for example, Arizona State University attempted in 2006 to adopt a broader definition of informatics to include even cognitive science by launching its own computer and informatics school.
Confusion arises when information can be easily stored on a computer, so it can be considered the origin of computer science. However, the original name of the computer is the name given to the account work regardless of the existence of information or the existence of the von Neumann structure. Humanity is an example of computer systems, not information systems. Many fields such as quantum computing theory are studied in theoretical computer science but have nothing to do with informatics.
The practice of the 2008 Research Assessment of the U.S. Finance Councils includes several new areas, including computer science and informatics, evaluation unit, which are described as follows:
The evaluation unit includes the study of the acquisition, storage, processing, communication, thinking about the information and the role of interaction in natural and artificial systems through the organization, implementation, and use of computers, ponds, and other resources. These resources are characterized by strict application of analysis, experimentation, and design.
At the Indiana University College of Information and Computer Science (Bloomington, Indianapolis, and Southeast), informatics is defined as ‘science, art and the human dimensions of information technology’ and ‘study demand, and the social implications of technology. ‘Also known in Informatics |101, and at the forefront of information systems as ‘the application of information technology in the arts, sciences, and professions. ‘These tariffs are highly recommended in the United States and differ from British use in neglecting the study of natural arithmetic.
At the University of California Irvine, Department of Informatics, informatics is defined as a ‘multidisciplinary study of the design, use, and application of the IT effect. This information system is based on the recognition that the design of this technology is not just a technical issue, but that the relationship between technology and its use in real-world environments must be focused. They are informatics design solutions in context and take into account the social, cultural and organizational conditions that will use computing and information technology. ‘
At the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Informatics Department, is a major interdisciplinary field of study. The main idea of this growing field is to apply both technical and social perspectives in the study of information.
The University of Michigan’s multidisciplinary approach relies on teaching informatics in a way that provides a solid base in contemporary computer programming, mathematics, and statistics, along with a study of the ethical and social science aspects of complex information systems. Experts in this field help design new technological information tools for all kinds of science, business, and cultural needs.”
In English-speaking countries, the term informatics was first widely used in the ‘medical information technology’ compound, which was used to include ‘cognitive information processing, communication tasks in medical practice, education, and research, including information science and technology’ to support these tasks.” Many of these compounds are now in use; they can be seen as different areas of applied information technology.
One of the most important areas of applied informatics is organizational informatics. Regulatory INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY is interested in the application of information technology, information systems, and ICT within organizations of various forms including the private sector, the public sector, and voluntary sector organizations. As such, this technology can be considered a sub-category of social information technology and a major category of business information technology. An IT practitioner can be named informatician or informaticist.
In 1989, the first International Informatics Olympiad (IOI) was held in Bulgaria. The Olympics last for two days in which the competition is intense for five hours each day. Four students from each participating country are selected to compete for gold, silver and bronze medals.
Theoretical computer science
Computer science theory is a branch of computer science and mathematics that is more concerned with abstract subjects or mathematical concepts of computers, including computer theory.
In informatics, the computation means how the computer’s state evolves over time, knowing that a computer here must be understood in the broadest sense of the word and not just as digital computers. But one example of physical computation is the evolution of the state of the digital computer over time, although there are other examples such as quantum computers, DNA computers or molecular computers. In the informatics branches that study the calculations, mathematical models of computers are known as Turing machines, in which case the calculator becomes purely mathematical. The sports section that studies mathematical models of calculation is called the theory of calculation.
The calculation can also be defined as finding solutions to an issue starting with data presented to it using an algorithm. This science can be extended to find the right algorithms to solve a particular pattern of issues. In turn, it deals with computing theory: analysis of issues and their inputs as well as algorithms to solve them.
Computing as an information aperitifs
Computation is defined as the series of the intermediate steps that we use to accomplish an algorithm designed to solve a problem or issue in a computerized way. It can also be defined as an algorithm we do to convert the input into outputs (outputs, results) any solutions to the issue at hand, as well as any computer that computations when a program is completed to give you the results of what you have given.
In any algorithm, there is a set of sequential calculations and logical processes, as a result of each process used as an entry point for the next process, and the program given to the algorithm arranges the processes and determines the terms of the transition from one process to another until the possibility of returning to a previous process or moving to a process Suffix (not next) (jumping between them up and down in a table).
These definitions form the basis of computability theory and computational complexity theory.
Computer theory of computation is a branch of informatics that examines the possibility of resolving issues raised efficiently through a computer. They both deal with the formal models of computation.
To complete a systematic study of computing, computer scientists form computer-free mathematical models called the computing model. Several of these models are in use, but the most important and most common is the Turing machine, and we can imagine the Turing machine as a home computer with limited memory capacity, and access to only small, scattered sections of this memory. Turing machines are easy to visualize and design and can be analyzed and studied to demonstrate the expected results and therefore represent a reasonable model for the calculation process.
The requirement of limited memory is very necessary because this makes the Turing machine realistic, and makes the Turing machine predictions acceptable, as an issue that can be solved by a Turing machine can also be solved by any personal computer with sufficient memory.