In fact, in this guide, one by one, he will reveal to you the famous inventors who made a turning point in various fields, from medicine to technology, from physics to engineering.
Famous Inventors: Here are Ten History Geniuses to Know
Have you ever wondered where so many inventions, gadgets, and things you use every day come from? Turning on the light in the house or listening to the radio are gestures or activities we take for granted. Taking medications to treat disease has become very popular now. But what is behind these gestures? To whom do we attribute the authorship of these discoveries and inventions?
We begin our journey through time to discover 10 inventions we absolutely must know.
Among the famous Italian inventors, Galileo Galilei is certainly one of the best known even among the youngest. Lived between 1564 and 1642, Galileo Galilei was an Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher, considered the father of modern science and the experimental scientific method based on the objective observation of reality.
We attribute to Galilei inventions and discoveries such as the improvement of the telescope already built in Holland, which he used for the first time to observe the stars, and the heliocentric theory according to which the Sun is at the center of the system and the planets revolve around it with a movement of revolution.
From science to medicine. The second genius of history we deal with is the British inventor Alexander Fleming. We are in 1928 when the microbiologist Fleming, in his laboratory in London, discovers the first antibiotic, namely penicillin. In fact, Fleming, in checking the state of a culture of bacteria, noticed a covering of mold. The exceptional event was the fact that the mold had annihilated the surrounding bacteria.
With the discovery of penicillin, Fleming received the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1944.
Let's go back to the Italian inventors. In our journey through time, we cannot fail to mention Guglielmo Marconi, born in Bologna in 1874. Marconi is considered today the inventor of the radio, but his discoveries were many and many of these were made during his experiments in the laboratory set up in the house. paternal of Bologna. At a very young age, he made thermoelectric batteries, based on the principle of transforming heat into electricity, and at the age of 20, he made a lightning detector.
His great passion was technology. For this, he developed wireless telegraphy which earned him the Nobel Prize in physics in 1909.
Let's stay in the twentieth century, but let's go back to London. Here lived Alan Turing, British mathematician, logician, and cryptographer, considered one of the founders of computer science and artificial intelligence.
Among his inventions is what we now know as "the Turing machine", also known as "On Computable Numbers".
It was 1936 when Turing presented a logic computing machine, a tool used in the study of algorithms that anticipated the modern computer.
Turing was also a brilliant cryptanalyst. During the Second World War, in England, the mathematician had the task of deciphering the messages exchanged by diplomats and soldiers of the Axis Powers.
Turing committed suicide at the age of 41, possibly as a result of persecution for his alleged homosexuality by the British government.
Let's now turn to Thomas Edison, born in 1847 in Ohio, considered the inventor of the incandescent light bulb.
Many other discoveries and inventions are attributed to his genius and his curious mind, such as:
- duplex and quadruplex telegraphy
- automatic registration of votes
- electric chair
As it is easy to guess, Edison had a brilliant mind to which hundreds and hundreds of patents are attributed.
We are in Michigan, in 1863, when Henry Ford, one of the most famous entrepreneurs in history, was born. As a child, thanks to his passion for pocket watches, he earned a reputation as a watch repairer.
More than a genius, Ford was, as already mentioned, a great entrepreneur. He is credited with founding the Ford Motor Company, a car manufacturing company, still today one of the major manufacturers in the United States and in the world.
Who does not know the famous Ford T? It is a simple and economical car, made only in black color. It was the first car to be produced on a large scale.
Let's stay in the transport sector and move on with our famous inventors, remembering George Stephenson, a British engineer, best known for designing the first steam locomotive called the Rocket.
We are at the beginning of the nineteenth century, in the years of the Industrial Revolution, and Stephenson is recognized as the father of British steam railways.
This invention revolutionized the land transport system. From animal traction transport, we passed to mechanical traction ones.
Let's go back to Italy and move on to the invention of one of the objects we could never do without today, the telephone.
Antonio Meucci is considered the inventor of the telephone. In 1871 he patented the telettrofono, a device that allowed remote communication, and in the same year, he founded, together with other Italian financiers, the Telettrofono Company. In New York, where he had already moved in 1850, the precarious economic conditions did not allow him to renew the patent of his discovery beyond 1873. Meucci died in 1889. In 2012, exactly 113 years after his death, the Congress of States United recognized Meucci for the invention of the telephone.
Edwin Howard Armstrong
Armstrong was an American scientist, fascinated by the discoveries of Marconi, inventor of the heterodyne radio receiver (1913) and of frequency modulation (1928-1933).
Born in 1890 in New York, Armstrong built his first radio at the age of 17. Today he is considered the inventor of the FM radio, with frequency modulation.
His last invention dating back to 1953 was a system for multiple transmissions in frequency modulation on the same wave width (Multiplexing FM). This allowed more than one program to be broadcast simultaneously without changing the wavelength.
Douglas Carl Engelbart
We close this journey to discover the great famous inventors with Douglas Carl Engelbart, born in Portland in 1925 and died in Atherton in 2013.
We are talking about an American inventor, known for having invented, together with Bill English, the first mouse.
Engelbart also initiated the first forms of human-machine interaction and was a forerunner of the graphical interface.
At the time, in 1967, the first mouse was a simple block of wood that covered two metal wheels. This model was never commercialized.
Famous inventors: final conclusions
Have you realized how many sacrifices and studies there are behind each object we use? Do you find it interesting to know where the great inventions of humanity come from?
This was just a quick time journey. There are really many discoveries and famous scientists. Just think of everything you use to study or have fun, from the internet to the tablet, from augmented reality to 3D effects. Think of all the evolutions that have taken place over the years and the possibility of today's communication systems breaking down space-time limits.